# Nearest Neighbour¶

The nearest neighbor interpolation of openCFS rests upon the inverse distance weighting (Shepard's method). Based on the defined number of neighbours $n$ from the source mesh, the nearest neighbours are searched and their distance $r$ to the considered node is computed. Based on this distances the weights $w$ are computed. \begin{equation} w_i = \left( \frac{R_{\mathrm{ max}}-r_i}{R_{\mathrm{ max}} r_i} \right)^p \, , \end{equation} with $R_\mathrm{ max} = 1.01 r_{\mathrm{ max}}$ as being 1.01 times of the maximal distance $r_{\mathrm{ max}}$, and $p$ as the interpolation exponent. Shepard stated $1 \leq p \leq 3$. Increasing $p$ means that values that are further away are taken into account more. Finally, each value of each node $v_1$ that is taken into account is weighted to compute the new value $v_{\mathrm n}$ of the considered node \begin{equation} v_{\mathrm n} = \sum_{i=1}^{n} \frac{w_i v_i }{\sum_{i=1}^{n}w_i} \, . \end{equation}

In CFSDat the Nearest Neighbor interpolation is defined in the xml-file as following:

<interpolation type="FieldInterpolation_NearestNeighbour" inputFilterIds="..." id="...">
<IntSchemeNN interpolationExponent="..." numNeighbours="..." globalFactor="..."/>
<targetMesh>
<hdf5 fileName="..."/>
</targetMesh>
<singleResult>
<inputQuantity resultName="..."/>
<outputQuantity resultName="..."/>
</singleResult>
<regions>
<sourceRegions>
<region name="..."/>
</sourceRegions>
<targetRegions>
<region name="..."/>
</targetRegions>
</regions>
</interpolation>


inputFilterIds must refer to the id of an input filter which contains the defined "sourceRegion" and "quantity". As target mesh, any compatible file input can be used (see chapter Data Input/Output).

interpolationExponent = Exponent for calculation of interpolation weight function.

globalFactor = Global Factor for scaling the result (usually 1)

numNeighbours = Number of considered Nodes

## Acknowledgement¶

Please provide an acknowledgement at the end of your publication using this software part for simulations

The computational results presented have been achieved [in part] using the software openCFS [FE-based Interpolation].